The Tennessee Court of Appeals issued a recent opinion discussing the elements of legal malpractice claims. The case is Tucker v. Finch,No. E2010-01704-COA-R3-CV, Slip. Op. (Tenn. Ct. App., Aug. 30, 2011).
The case provides a good summary of the statute of limitations on legal malpractice actions, which must be “commenced within one (1) year after the cause of action accrued.” Tenn. Code Ann. § 28-3-104(a)(2). The one year clock starts ticking “pursuant to the discovery rule “when (1) the client suffers an actual or legally cognizable injury, and (2) the client knows, or in the exercise of reasonable diligence should know, that the injury was caused by the attorney’s negligence.”
How is this relevant to collections? According to the ABA, most attorney malpractice claims are filed in response to attorneys taking collection actions against clients. Once you sue or threaten to sue a client for unpaid bills, it’s exponentially more likely that that client is going to attack the value of your legal services.
But, don’t forget, the statute of limitations for collection on unpaid debt–including unpaid legal invoices–is six years in Tennessee. Malpractice actions must be filed in one year.
As I’ve written before, this is why lawyers wait at least a year to collect on unpaid invoices.
If the underlying lesson to aggrieved clients in the Tucker case is “don’t sit on your malpractice claim rights,” the flip side of the coin may be “let sleeping dogs lie, at least for a year.”
(Side-note: I’m not condoning malpractice or encouraging attorneys to avoid responsibility. But, I know from experience, you can provide world-class services and, faced with a bill for world-class services, some clients are going to allege you did something wrong. On those clients, wait a year.)